While the migrant workers’ survey will provide authentic estimates of the number of migrant workers in the country apart from assessing the issues they face, the survey of domestic workers, who constitute roughly 4% of India’s working population, is the firstof-its-kind exercise that will identify concerns faced by them and help the government frame policies to improve their conditions.
According to the 2016 Economic Survey, the migrant workforce in India is over 10 crore. They are important contributors to the national economy. Yet, sadly, they are also invisible and denied the benefits of a welfare state. This is a much-delayed, much-needed census that will help the government frame suitable policies for them.
In order to get comprehensive and robust information about migrant and domestic workers, the sample size of the household-cumestablishment survey has been fixed at approximately 1.25 lakh. Questions will also be available in nine regional languages, and feedback will be captured on digital hand-held devices with preloaded questionnaires.
“We are looking at total digitalisation of data. The aim is to get robust data that can shape future employment policies,” said D P S Negi, chief labour commissioner and DG Labour Bureau. He also said the breau aims to publish their findings by October 2021. The Labour Bureau, Negi said, is also in the process of finalising the All India Surveys of Professional Bodies and Transport workers and is expected to launch them shortly after the migrant and domestic workers survey.