The over Rs 37,000 crore order for 83 Tejas Mark-1A jets from defence PSU Hindustan Aeronautics Ltd will be the biggest-ever deal in the indigenous military aviation sector. These 83 fighters, the deliveries of which will begin three years after the contract is inked, will have 43 “improvements” over the 40 Tejas Mark-1 already ordered by the IAF.
The Tata-Airbus project to build 56 twin-turboprop C-295 aircraft, which will replace the old Avro-748 aircraft of IAF, in turn, will be the first time an Indian private sector company will enter the defence aerospace arena.
While Airbus will supply the first 16 aircraft in two years after the contract is inked, the rest 40 will thereafter be built in India within eight years, in the project which was initially valued at Rs 11,929 crore.
Both the projects have been sent to the Cabinet Committee on Security (CCS) for the final approval. “The Tejas contract will be the first to be approved by the CCS. It is likely to be inked in early-February. The C-295 project, with the participation of Tata as the Indian production agency will follow subsequently,” said an official on Tuesday.
The overall cost of acquiring the 83 single-engine Tejas fighters and their support package has been cut down from the earlier around Rs 56,500 crore being demanded by HAL after protracted negotiations, as was reported by TOI last year.
The IAF’s two Tejas squadrons, the “Flying Daggers” and “Flying Bullets” at Sulur, have till now inducted only around 20of the original 40 Tejas Mark-1 fighters, which were all slated for delivery by December 2016 under two contracts worth Rs 8,802 crore inked earlier.
The 83 Tejas Mark-1A fighters will have 43 “improvements” to improve maintainability, AESA (active electronically scanned array) radar to replace existing mechanically-steered radar, air-to-air refuelling, long-range BVR (beyond visual range) missiles and advanced electronic warfare to jam enemy radars and missiles.
After these 123 fighters, IAF is also looking to induct 170 Tejas Mark-2 or the MWF (medium weight fighter) jets with more powerful engines and advanced avionics. But IAF is banking upon the first 123 Tejas to add to its fighter squadrons, which is down to just 30 (each has 18 jets) when at least 42 are required for the requisite deterrence against Pakistan and China.
The C-295 project, which has been pending for almost a decade, is meant to replace old Avro aircraft, first inducted in the early-1960s, as well as take on some “tasks” of the ageing AN-32 fleet, which has witnessed two major accidents in which 42 military personnel were killed in the Bay of Bengal in July 2016 and Arunachal Pradesh in June 2019, as was reported by TOI earlier. The C-295 aircraft can even find some buyers in the civil aviation market, say officials.